Protest is when I say I don’t agree with something. Resistance is when I ensure that things with which I disagree no longer take place.
Ulrike Meinhof in the German movie The Baader Meinhof Complex.
According to the above definition, did Ghandi of India protest or resist?
Why some protests evolve into resistance?
When a protest is deemed lawful and when it is not?
Who decides a resistance is deemed legitimate or illegitimate?
What makes dictators not see their humiliating or horrible end?
Do dictators know they are evil or do they have a different mindset that alters reality?
What one should do if many protests never put an end to oppression?
Who is to blame when protesters who are beaten and jailed become violent?
There is no one answer to these questions and our answer depends on the cause and whether we stand with or against the cause. When Israel attacks Palestinians, some see it as a country defending itself against terrorists others see it as pure evil aggression. Talibans were never pro-women rights but this never stopped the American government from helping them resisting the Russian aggression. Nor Saddam was Mr. nice democratic leader when he was in war with Iran.
What makes some countries like China and Russia see Al-Assad as a leader who is defending the stability of his country? Do they really believe he is a good man or do they know the truth but are hiding it for their own interests?